That monogamy is God's standard for the human race is clear from the following [Biblical] facts: (1) From the very beginning God set the pattern by creating a monogamous marriage relationship with one man and one woman, Adam and Eve (Gen. 1:27; 2:21-25). (2) This God-established example of one woman for one man, was the general practice of the human race (Gen. 4:1) until interrupted by sin (Gen. 4:23). (3) The Law of Moses clearly commands, "You shall not multiply wives" (Deut. 17:17). (4) The warning against polygamy is repeated in the very passage where it numbers Solomon's many wives (I Kings 11:2), warning that "you shall not intermarry with them, nor they with you." (5) Our Lord reaffirmed God's original intention by citing this passage (Matt. 19:4) and noting that God created one "male and [one] female" and joined them in marriage. (6) The New Testament stresses that "each man [should] have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband" (1 Cor. 7:2). (7) Likewise, Paul insisted that a church leader should be "the husband of one wife" (1 Tim. 3:2, 12). (8) Indeed, monogamous marriage is a prefiguration of the relation between Christ and his bride, the Church (Eph. 5:31-32). In fact, the Bible reveals that God severely punished those who practiced polygamy, as is evidenced by the following: (1) Polygamy is first mentioned in the context of a sinful society in rebellion against God where the murderer "Lamech took for himself two wives" (Gen. 4: 19,23). (2) God repeatedly warned polygamists of the consequences of their actions "lest his heart turn away" hom God (Deut. 17:17; cf. 1 Kings 11:2). (3) God never commanded polygamy - like divorce, he only permitted it because of the hardness of their hearts (Deut. 24:1; Matt. 19:8). (4) Every polygamist in the Bible, including David and Solomon (1 Chron. 14:3), paid dearly for his sins. (5) God hates polygamy, as he hates divorce, since it destroys his ideal for the family (cf. Mal. 2:16). Taken from N. L. Geisler and T. Howe, When Critics Ask (Wheaton: Victor Books, 1992), 183-84.
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